Vascular Effects: Fast Acting, Penetrating for muscle Sprains, Strains, Bursitis, Tendonitis, Arthritis, Joint Pain & Backache,Non Staining-Greaseless.
Direct vasodilation (flow dependent and receptor mediated)
Indirect vasodilation by inhibiting vasoconstrictor influences (e.g., inhibits angiotensin II and sympathetic vasoconstriction)
Anti-thrombotic effect – inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium
Anti-inflammatory effect – inhibits leukocyte adhesion to vascular endothelium;
Anti-proliferative effect – inhibits smooth muscle hyperplasia
Scavenges free radicals, improving cellular health.